The Oxford Companion to Archaeology

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology When we think of archaeology most of us think first of its many spectacular finds the legendary city of Troy Tutankhamun s golden tomb the three million year old footprints at Laetoli the mile hig

  • Title: The Oxford Companion to Archaeology
  • Author: Brian M. Fagan
  • ISBN: 9780195076189
  • Page: 484
  • Format: Hardcover
  • When we think of archaeology, most of us think first of its many spectacular finds the legendary city of Troy, Tutankhamun s golden tomb, the three million year old footprints at Laetoli, the mile high city at Machu Picchu, the cave paintings at Lascaux But as marvelous as these discoveries are, the ultimate goal of archaeology, and of archaeologists, is something far moWhen we think of archaeology, most of us think first of its many spectacular finds the legendary city of Troy, Tutankhamun s golden tomb, the three million year old footprints at Laetoli, the mile high city at Machu Picchu, the cave paintings at Lascaux But as marvelous as these discoveries are, the ultimate goal of archaeology, and of archaeologists, is something far ambitious Indeed, it is one of humanity s great quests to recapture and understand our human past, across vast stretches of time, as it was lived in every corner of the globe Now, in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, readers have a comprehensive and authoritative overview of this fascinating discipline, in a book that is itself a rare find, a treasure of up to date information on virtually every aspect of the field The range of subjects covered here is breathtaking everything from the domestication of the camel, to Egyptian hieroglyphics, to luminescence dating, to the Mayan calendar, to Koobi Fora and Olduvai Gorge Readers will find extensive essays that illuminate the full history of archaeology from the discovery of Herculaneum in 1783, to the recent finding of the Ice Man and the ancient city of Uruk and engaging biographies of the great figures in the field, from Gertrude Bell, Paul Emile Botta, and Louis and Mary Leakey, to V Gordon Childe, Li Chi, Heinrich Schliemann, and Max Uhle The Companion offers extensive coverage of the methods used in archaeological research, revealing how archaeologists find sites remote sensing, aerial photography, ground survey , how they map excavations and report findings, and how they analyze artifacts radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology, stratigraphy, mortuary analysis Of course, archaeology s great subject is humanity and human culture, and there are broad essays that examine human evolution ranging from our early primate ancestors, to Australopithecus and Cro Magnon, to Homo Erectus and Neanderthals and explore the many general facets of culture, from art and architecture, to arms and armor, to beer and brewing, to astronomy and religion And perhaps most important, the contributors provide insightful coverage of human culture as it has been expressed in every region of the world Here entries range from broad overviews, to treatments of particular themes, to discussions of peoples, societies, and particular sites Thus, anyone interested in North America would find articles that cover the continent from the Arctic to the Eastern woodlands to the Northwest Coast, that discuss the Iroquois and Algonquian cultures, the hunters of the North American plains, and the Norse in North America, and that describe sites such as Mesa Verde, Meadowcraft Rockshelter, Serpent Mound, and Poverty Point Likewise, the coverage of Europe runs from the Paleolithic period, to the Bronze and Iron Age, to the Post Roman era, looks at peoples such as the Celts, the Germans, the Vikings, and the Slavs, and describes sites at Altamira, Pompeii, Stonehenge, Terra Amata, and dozens of other locales The Companion offers equally thorough coverage of Africa, Europe, North America, Mesoamerica, South America, Asia, the Mediterranean, the Near East, Australia and the Pacific And finally, the editors have included extensive cross referencing and thorough indexing, enabling the reader to pursue topics of interest with ease charts and maps providing additional information and bibliographies after most entries directing readers to the best sources for further study Every Oxford Companion aspires to be the definitive overview of a field of study at a particular moment of time This superb volume is no exception Featuring 700 articles written by hundreds of respected scholars from all over the world, The Oxford Companion to Archaeology provides authoritative, stimulating entries on everything from bog bodies, to underwater archaeology, to the Pyramids of Giza and the Valley of the Kings.

    • Best Read [Brian M. Fagan] ✓ The Oxford Companion to Archaeology || [Graphic Novels Book] PDF ↠
      484 Brian M. Fagan
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    About "Brian M. Fagan"

    1. Brian M. Fagan

      Brian Murray Fagan born 1 August 1936 is a prolific author of popular archaeology books and a professor emeritus of Anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, California, USA Fagan was born in England where he received his childhood education at Rugby School He attended Pembroke College, Cambridge, where he studied archaeology and anthropology BA 1959, MA 1962, PhD 1965 He spent six years as Keeper of Prehistory at the Livingstone Museum in Zambia, Central Africa, and moved to the U.S.A in 1966 He was Visiting Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Illinois, Champaign Urbana, in 1966 67, and was appointed Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 1967.Fagan is an archaeological generalist, with expertise in the broad issues of human prehistory He is the author or editor of 46 books, including seven widely used undergraduate college texts Fagan has contributed over 100 specialist papers to many national and international journals He is a Contributing Editor to American Archaeology and Discover Archaeology magazines, and formerly wrote a regular column for Archaeology Magazine He serves on the Editorial Boards of six academic and general periodicals and has many popular magazine credits, including Scientific American and Gentleman s Quarterly.Fagan has been an archaeological consultant for many organizations, including National Geographic Society, Time Life, Encyclop dia Britannica, and Microsoft Encarta He has lectured extensively about archaeology and other subjects throughout the world at many venues, including the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, the National Geographic Society, the San Francisco City Lecture Program, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Getty Conservation Institute.In addition to extensive experience with the development of Public Television programs, Fagan was the developer writer of Where in time is Carmen San Diego, an NPR series in 1984 86 He has worked as a consultant for the BBC, RKO, and many Hollywood production companies on documentaries In 1995 he was Senior Series Consultant for Time Life Television s Lost Civilizations series.Fagan was awarded the 1996 Society of Professional Archaeologists Distinguished Service Award for his untiring efforts to bring archaeology in front of the public He also received a Presidential Citation Award from the Society for American Archaeology in 1996 for his work in textbook, general writing and media activities He received the Society s first Public Education Award in 1997.He has written many critiques of contemporary archaeology and has advocated non traditional approaches, as well as writing extensively on the role of archaeology in contemporary society His approach is a melding of different theoretical approaches, which focuses on the broad issues of human prehistory and the past He is a strong advocate of multidisciplinary approaches to such issues as climate change in the past Over the years, he has written a series of well known textbooks that provide accurate summaries of the latest advances in archaeological method and theory and world prehistory These are designed for beginners and avoid both confusing jargon and major theoretical discussion, which is inappropriate at this basic level His approach melds traditional cultural history with recent approaches, with a major emphasis on writing historical narrative using archaeological data and sources from other disciplines Fagan is also well known for his public lectures on a wide variety of archaeological and historical topics, delivered to a broad range of archaeological and non archaeological audiences.Additional information at.

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