Lincoln and Douglas: The Debates That Defined America

Lincoln and Douglas The Debates That Defined America In Abraham Lincoln was known as a successful Illinois lawyer who had achieved some prominence in state politics as a leader in the new Republican Party Two years later he was elected president

  • Title: Lincoln and Douglas: The Debates That Defined America
  • Author: Allen C. Guelzo
  • ISBN: 9780743273206
  • Page: 320
  • Format: Hardcover
  • In 1858, Abraham Lincoln was known as a successful Illinois lawyer who had achieved some prominence in state politics as a leader in the new Republican Party Two years later, he was elected president and was on his way to becoming the greatest chief executive in American history What carried this one term congressman from obscurity to fame was the campaign he mounted forIn 1858, Abraham Lincoln was known as a successful Illinois lawyer who had achieved some prominence in state politics as a leader in the new Republican Party Two years later, he was elected president and was on his way to becoming the greatest chief executive in American history What carried this one term congressman from obscurity to fame was the campaign he mounted for the United States Senate against the country s most formidable politician, Stephen A Douglas, in the summer and fall of 1858 Lincoln challenged Douglas directly in one of his greatest speeches A house divided against itself cannot stand and confronted Douglas on the questions of slavery and the inviolability of the Union in seven fierce debates As this brilliant narrative by the prize winning Lincoln scholar Allen Guelzo dramatizes, Lincoln would emerge a predominant national figure, the leader of his party, the man who would bear the burden of the national confrontation.Of course, the great issue between Lincoln and Douglas was slavery Douglas was the champion of popular sovereignty, of letting states and territories decide for themselves whether to legalize slavery Lincoln drew a moral line, arguing that slavery was a violation both of natural law and of the principles expressed in the Declaration of Independence No majority could ever make slavery right, he argued.Lincoln lost that Senate race to Douglas, though he came close to toppling the Little Giant, whom almost everyone thought was unbeatable Guelzo s Lincoln and Douglas brings alive their debates and this whole year of campaigns and underscores their centrality in the greatest conflict in American history.The encounters between Lincoln and Douglas engage a key question in American political life What is democracy s purpose Is it to satisfy the desires of the majority Or is it to achieve a just and moral public order These were the real questions in 1858 that led to the Civil War They remain questions for Americans today.

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      Published :2019-04-10T09:50:09+00:00

    About "Allen C. Guelzo"

    1. Allen C. Guelzo

      Allen Carl Guelzo born 1953 is the Henry R Luce III Professor of the Civil War Era at Gettysburg College, where he serves as Director of the Civil War Era Studies Program.

    888 thoughts on “Lincoln and Douglas: The Debates That Defined America”

    1. Lincoln scholar Guelzo undertakes an in-depth analysis of the now-classic 1858 debates between the future president, and Illinois Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas. Guelzo begins with brief, helpful biography of Douglas (he being the lesser-known of the two; of course, pretty much anyone next to Lincoln would be lesser-known). He examines Douglas' positions throughout his time in Congress, specifically his collaboration with Henry Clay on the Compromise of 1850 and then the ill-fated Kansas- [...]


    2. This book is an excellent one. Dr. Guelzo certainly knows his stuff.Rather than focusing the book primarily on the seven debates between Lincoln and Douglas, Guelzo expands the picture and examines in detail the entire political campaigns of 1858 in order to give the debates context. "Lincoln and Douglas" taught me much I didn't know about Lincoln as a man and as a politician (sometimes we forget that in addition to being one of the greatest U.S. presidents in history, he also had to maneuver th [...]


    3. I put this book on the history shelf, but it might as well be in current events. The great debates of Lincoln and Douglas point out either how far we've come, how far we've fallen, or that the dirt and meanness of contemporary politics are nothing new. This book puts the 1858 debates in the context of the entire senate campaign. Did you know that if we had direct election of senators at that time, Lincoln would have won?In the end, the author puts the central conflict of American democracy betwe [...]


    4. Although this is a very excellent book written by a notable Lincoln Prize-winning author, there are at least a couple of issues with the title. For one, the author states that one of the deliberate aims of this book (and a successful one) is to expand the focus beyond the debates to the comparative campaign histories of both Lincoln and Douglas in 1858, placed in a series of larger contexts, of course, relating to the history of both men and the importance of both men in contemporary political p [...]


    5. Guelzo's recent book on Gettysburg led me to this work, which impressed me equally. For such a careful historian Guelzo is a remarkably gripping author. He shouldn't be able to make Lincoln's seven debates with Douglas so dramatically compelling but he does, while also connecting their campaign elegantly to the other political developments leading the country to civil war. This is as fun and edifying as history gets. Highly recommended.


    6. The headline is, this is kind of a journeyman-quality narrative. It is both thorough and complete, but rarely embellished with a catching turn of a phrase or the sort of literary flourish that can make prose truly memorable. Yet as a reference, it is truly handy. First, the narrative is broader than most earlier works on the Lincoln-Douglas Debates. Most of the other books written on the subject look only at the debates themselves. This is very easy as they were transcribed in both Democratic an [...]


    7. It was 150 years ago that Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglassquared off in a political battle for the U.S. Senate. Not only wasthis hotly contested series of debates garnering great attention inthe state of Illinois, they were also the focal point of thecountry as a whole. Slavery, and its spread into new territoriesand states as the Union expanded, was the pressing issue of the dayand a growing concern for everyone as the nation slowly ground itsway toward war.Allen C. Guelzo approaches the [...]


    8. Dr Allen Carl Guelzo, Historian is a noted Civil War era Scholar.It is 1858. He lays the background- Open air debates consisted of a sequence of speeches. About 161 newspapers in Illinois were the mouthpieces for the Political Parties and other current events. There were Democratic-swayed newspapers and Republican-swayed newspapers. No neutral newspapers! The people of the State were actually voting for Republican and Democratic State Representatives; and also State Senators. They were not votin [...]


    9. Absolutely must read for anyone interested in American History or Political History. In these 7 debates Abraham Lincoln (a no name 1 term former congressman) challenged the 3-time elected Stephen Douglas for his Senate seat of Illinois. Judge Douglas was the leading political man of the age known as 'The Little Giant'. These debates are considered the birth of the modern politics and were the first set of debates captured word-for-word by journalists and published nation-wide. The debates would [...]


    10. Political opponents with presidential aspirations square off. A vote against war resurfaces as a campaign issue. The candidates take the low road to appeal to their audiences’ baser instincts. The candidates’ physical appearance becomes the subject of idle chatter. Campaigns poll potential voters. Charges of election fraud, dirty tricks and backroom deals are hurled. Citizens are polarized on a central issue. The heart and soul of the nation is on the line.The presidential campaign of 2008? [...]


    11. Fabulous book! I have never read the text of the Lincoln/Douglas debates, and I likely never will, but I think this is better if you're not some serious history professor. A hundred pages or more pass before they even get close to debating, and that sets up all of what is happening in the different political parties and the nation so you can make sense of the speeches. I wouldn't have understood a lot of the references to the infighting among the Democrats, the whigs, Henry Clay, and various vot [...]


    12. An enlightening description of the background and environment of the debates. I had tried reading the debates themselves, earlier, but could not really make sense of them and so gave up. With the historical background given by this book leading up to the debates, by the time I got to and read the first debate, I then understood what they were talking about. There are a lot of ways to compare the issues with things that are going on today, such as the morality of something (slavery) vs "states ri [...]


    13. This is a great read about the famous Lincoln Douglas debates for the 1858 Illinois election. The book follows the path of both candidates and their debates. There is so much background, behind the scenes issues from this campaign that come to light. Lincoln's feud with George McClellan dated back to the fact that McCellan ran the Illinois Rail Road and always gave Douglas (a fellow Democrat) the best rail cars/routes. Three years later Lincoln is President and McClellan is running the Union arm [...]


    14. At the heart of the Lincoln/Douglas debates was a question that we are still arguing today: what is the role of the federal government in securing and safeguarding the rights of minorities? Douglas looked on the issue of slavery with dispassion and argued that it was a matter for the states to decide for themselves by majority vote. Lincoln argued that there are some rights guaranteed to us by the Constitution that can not be taken away by a vote of the majority. Lincoln lost the battle, as he w [...]


    15. Excellent examination of the debates up close and personal. The historian tries to put himself in the times to explain why Lincoln didn't come out with a rousing denunciation of racism. Actually, for his time, Lincoln was quite bold in saying that blacks had natural rights, including the right to freedom. This book also gives you the details of the debates themselves instead of glossing over them. And tells you of the Senatorial election that followed, breaking it down into the numbers. Excellen [...]


    16. The Lincoln-Douglas debates were very important and Guelzo does a good job portraying the lead up to and the impacts of the debates. I just had a tough time with his writing style personally. Substance was great -- too much minute details which don't pertain to the overall narrative included. I understand the delicate balance with detailing the historical fact and the scope of the book but I don't think the specific numbers of the congressional seats available in the Illinois senate is necessari [...]


    17. Back in the days when Americans still named their children, Icabod, and other historical nuances pepper this account of the country's significant soul-searching over the slavery's future in an expanding nation. If you really want to know what the "Dredd Scott decision" and other compelling aspects of America's challenges to keep from being "a house divided" were, it will be an easier read than your high school paragraph on the same.


    18. The October Surprise was John Crittenden's (he, like Lincoln, a former Whig) endorsement of Douglas.All the nasty things Lincoln is quoted as saying about black people he says in this campaign, largely in response to Douglas's race baiting. Is this like Obama saying he wanted to reevaluate NAFTA?


    19. Maybe a little bit too many details regarding campaign organizations which are normally appreciated by political science afficionados, but a captivating overview of a turning point in history. Great conclusion, although the one regarding the US as the only true democracy where there are no ruling classes is highly questionable and far removed from the objective truth.


    20. A somewhat dry and repetative read. Each of the debates was presented in some detail even though they were pretty much the same. The author's thesis that the debates set the tone of all American political dialogue since 1858 is somewhat of a stretch. It's always hard to decide what is a "moral" question (here it was slavery) and what is merely political belief.


    21. One of the better Lincoln books I've read. I've never read a Lincoln book where the author so clearly absorbed the realities of the day: Guelzo fully comprehends the political geography of 1850s Illinois, and it shows.


    22. This is a great overview of the Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858. The author does a skillful job of breaking the debate points down into an easy-to-read format. I know it sounds like a boring textbook, but it really had a lot of fresh insight.


    23. The last four pages bumped this book from good to great. Everything one could possibly want to know about the debates is in this easily digestible tome. As I said, those last four pages of final analysis seal this as a great one.


    24. I haven't really read much about this part of Lincoln's life/career, so this was somewhat an educational endeavor. My only complaint, really, is that the book didn't have a very good narrative flow which at times made it more of a chore to read. But overall, good.


    25. Very interesting to see the impact seven small town debates had on the shape of the nation, and the emergence of the Republican party. Douglas was a larger than life 19th century politician who helped define the shape of Ilinois' Democratic party and the machine that it is today.


    26. An interesting read that places the famous lincoln-douglas debates within the context of running for office and local illinois politicsNot that informative in terms of learning anything new about Lincoln, but nice to hear more about Douglas than I had previously.


    27. This was excellent. The basic difference Guelzo points out is that Douglas was a champion of the importance process in a free government, and Lincoln was a champion of morality. (And Galesburg gets high marks for improvisation.)


    28. * Understanding Oppression: African American Rights (Then and Now)Lincoln and Douglas: The Debates that Defined America (Simon & Schuster Lincoln Library) by Allen C. Guelzo #civilwar



    29. I learned that campaigning hasn't changed much in 151 years and that US Senators were elected by the state legislatures until the early 1900's.


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